By Lilla Andre
Brief history of the BAUHAUS
As most of you probably know, 2019 is the 100th anniversary of one of the most iconic art schools of all time, Bauhaus
The famous art school was founded in Weimar
, Germany by architect, Walter Gropius
. The school was established in 1919 and operated until it’s closing in 1933 because of the pressure of the upcoming WW2.The reforming ideology and the quality of education brought a variety of students from around the world to the Bauhaus school of Art including a number of Hungarian students. This year in 2019 we celebrate and remember famous Hungarian designers and artists of the Bauhaus movement who formed modern architecture and introduced the Bauhaus design in our country. This year many exhibitions and art events are held in Budapest for the 100th anniversary including a unique city tour plan which is basically a map pinpointing buildings of the Bauhausstyle in Budapest.
The exhibition of the Hungarian National Gallery
To mark the centenary of the founding of the Bauhaus and the 120th anniversary of the birth of Andor Weininger, an exhibition organised from the artist’s legacy will open in the Hungarian National Gallery. In 2002 eighty works and another eighty smaller sketches entered the collection of the Gallery from the oeuvre of Weininger; a selection of this material will be on public display for the first time with the title Abstract Revue.
Of course I had to visit at least one exhibition: Bauhaus100 – ABSTRACT REVUE
, focusing on the works of former Bauhaus student Andor Weininger. The exhibition was a part of the permanent exhibition in the National Gallery of Hungary. For the first sight of the exhibition I could tell it was all about Bauhaus, all the walls were painted in signature colors and even the benches were square shapedpainted red. I loved how the interior looked and it definitely set the mood for the event.
So the main focus of the exhibition was Andor Weininge
r, a Hungarian painter, architect and designer. Weininger along with two of his friends Farkas Molnar
and Henrik Stefan applied to the Bauhaus of Weimar in 1921. However before starting school he took part in the foretraining of the Dutch professor, Doesburg De Stijl
, who had a great influence on him. Weininger spent most of his summers in his hometown, in South Hungary, where he drew his more and more abstract series of sketches of the surrounding Mecsek Hills. In the exhibition a couple of these drawing were also displayed along with other paintings and works of his. Later in 1923 he took a break from school and became the scriptwriter, and also the costume- and scenery designer of the Jungfrau cabaret in Hamburg. Inspired by the world of theatres he started working on his very unique project of a mechanical stage. He took his work to the next level after returning to the school in 1925 which moved from Weimar to Dessau. He developed the concept of the Mechanical Stage -Abstract Revue. It was inspired by the abstract forms he had learned about previously at the Bauhaus. He imagined these geometrical forms in different colors and shapes moving mechanically in the background. After plenty of planning and sketching he came up with a De Stijl picture with moving elements. He could move the side walls, the ceiling and the floor up and down, backwards and forwards in rhythmicmotion. His concept was a great success however, it was applied on stage only at the end of the artist’s life.
The exhibition lead up to the most important moment: a video of the moving stage. The idea and the visual elements were actually quite fascinating as the stage was constantly moving. I think this event really showed me that Bauhaus is evidently so much more than architecture and it introduced the amazing works of Hungarian students of the famous Bauhaus Art School.
Photo credit: Lilla Andre
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ARTODU is a Swiss online art gallery, supporting emerging artist mainly from Budapest, Hungary.
Beatrix Koch is an architect and urbanist who founded ARTODU and cares about culture, art and humanity.